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The use of a special child seat is necessary, required by Law and saves lives.

THE Highway Code states that children under 12 years old are prohibited, to sit in the passenger seat unless they are protected by an approved restraint system appropriate for their age, height and weight.

This is because the airbag, which will open in the front seat, can cause serious injury or even death to the child in the event of a collision or impact. Children should sit in the back seat in a special position having an adult with them and the adult should wear a seat belt.

The right choice of child seat and the EU directives

The new European directive i-SIZE / ECE R129 provides that the choice of the child seat will be made according to the height of the child and will require the seat to be rear-facing, at least until the age of 15 months, as this way it has been found to provide improved protection in the strongest side and frontal crash forces, but also more effective protection of the head and neck.

At the same time, the legislation provides that child seats must be marked "ECE R44/03" or later, to list the weight and age limits of the child, as well as the compatibility indicator for all "UNIVERSAL" vehicles.

Finally, based on an EU decision from January 2011 all new vehicles must have the ISOfix hooks in the back seat, a special system for installing child seats without the use of a seat belt.

In general, there are on the market two types of seats: the complete type and incomplete type (these also include booster seats) and are divided into 5 basic groups according to the age and weight of the child:

• Group 0 is intended for infants weighing up to 10 kg
• Group 0+ It is intended for children up to 15 months old and weighing up to 13 kg
• Group I is aimed at children aged 8 months to 4 years and weighing 9-18 kg
• Group II for children weighing from 15 to 25 kg
• Group III for children weighing from 22 to 36 kg