THE SEAT BELT
THE SEAT BELT
The use of the seat belt while driving is essential and contributes decisively to safe driving and above all protects effectively in the event of a traffic accident.
What is a Seat Belt?
A seat belt is a mechanism that protects the occupant of a vehicle, both when it changes speed and in the event of an accident (i.e. a sudden change in the state of the vehicle). In today's age the seat belt or simply belt, is synonymous with the vehicle and is used in both cars and buses.
Types of safety belts
Automobiles use three-point belts, while racing cars have six-point belts.
In 1913 the first seat belts were used in aircraft but their widespread use began in 1930. In 1959 they became part of the standard car equipment by Volvo.
In Europe, in 1973 France made the use of seat belts compulsory in the front seats outside the city, in 1975 in urban areas at night, and in 1979 they made their use compulsory altogether. In 1990 France made the use of the belt compulsory in rear seats.
This was followed by Sweden, which in 1975 made the use of seat belts mandatory in the front seats and in 1986 also in the rear seats.
Since 1993 it has been mandatory throughout Europe to have seat belts for all seats in cars.
Marking and reminder sound
Already, since the early 1970s in North America, all cars have been fitted with a seat belt reminder system for front seat passengers.
In Europe and other continents, this system began to appear in the 1990s and today it is present in most new models.
Seat belts greatly reduce the risk of death or serious injury. Also, the necessity of their use must be emphasized and in the back seats. Especially for frontal crashes, studies show that if rear passengers are not wearing a seat belt, they are thrown forward, crushing the front passengers and almost 5 times the risk of death for the front seat occupants.